Port State Measures Agreement to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing


The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) celebrates the entry into force of the Port State Measures Agreement to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (PSMA). More than 30 countries, as well as the European Union on behalf of its 28 member states, are already parties to the PSMA, the world’s first ever binding international treaty specifically targeting Illegal, unregulated and unreported (IUU) fishing. Adopted as an FAO Agreement in 2009, this ground-breaking accord went into effect on 5 June 2016 and is now legally binding for the parties and regional organizations that have adhered to it. Script Marine ecosystems are believed to hold the key to our origins and have the potential to determine our future. The health of our planet depends on how we treat our oceans and seas. The blue world contains 50-80% of life on Earth. The blue world provides a vital source of food and nutrition. The blue world generates employment and trade. Seafood trade globally in 2015: $135 billion, the largest food export in the world. Developing countries account for some 60% of total fishery exports.   Illegal fishing is a global threat to ecosystem, food security, economic health. Illegal fishing captures up to 26 million tonnes of seafood per year, or more than 15% of the world’s total annual capture fisheries output. Illegal fishing particularly affects developing countries, but also hampers efforts for sustainable fisheries management worldwide. Approximately 1 in 10 people rely on fisheries and aquaculture for their livelihoods.   Years of diplomatic efforts promoted by FAO resulted in the first ever binding international treaty on illegal fishing. A set of measures and proceduresto ensure countries deny landings of illegally-caught fish that could enter into markets and onto the plates of unsuspecting consumers.   As countries around the world adhere to the treaty, FAO invites all governments to join this collective push to stamp out illegal fishing: The FAO Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing.   Protecting our natural resources. Safeguarding sustainable fisheries to help feed the world. "I hope that more and more countries will join FAO in this global effort and show their commitment to legal and sustainable fisheries", José Graziano da Silva, FAO Director-General. Achieving the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. Ensuring Sustainable Food Security. Building the Zero Hunger Generation. -------------------------------------------------- produced and published by FAO
Administrator 2019-11-23

Sustainable fishing is 2020 target as stricter regulations improve stocks


If you had a better seafood selection than usual this festive season it’s partly thanks to growing catches in Sweden and across Northern Europe. Small trawlers that used to harvest 20 tons of prawns and langoustines each year now catch twice that much, because fish and shellfish numbers are on the rise. “Nowadays, we have a lot — humongous — of prawns,” says Swedish fisherman Johan Grahn. “And the fish stocks have improved as well.” In the North Sea, the Baltic Sea and the Atlantic overfishing declined drastically over the last 10 years. Ten years ago only one in seven assessed stocks were fished sustainably the rest were overfished according to the EU’s Directorate-general for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries. This year seven out of ten stocks are fished sustainably. So how did the European Union make this happen? In part, by tackling the problem of fishermen dumping the unwanted fish. Around a quarter of catches used to be thrown back in the sea and most of those fish simply died. Now fishermen are changing how they work and their equipment to avoid catching fish that are too small or species they don’t want. “No-one with some sense in their head want to drop good food just over the rail — it’s just silly,” says Grahn. “So after a while they figured it out, how to manage this. And it starts with something called landing obligation.” What landing obligation means is fishing vessels must bring to land all their catches of controlled fish species big or small. So no more dumping at sea. Accidental catches count against quota but they can be reduced with selective nets. “All the bycatch, like fish and other stuff that you don’t want,” says Gran. “It hit the bars and go up and swim further on.” What about in other countries? In France, researchers are testing selective nets made for local fishermen. They’re looking for a large choice fine-tuned for individual sites and species. “The gaps in classic lozenge shaped meshes tend to close when being dragged by a trawler, with the pressure of the water on the rope and the knots,” says fisheries technologist Pascal Larnaud. “To get square mesh nets you just have to turn 45 degrees and you get a mesh that’s much more open. And if you turn another 45 degrees you get nets that get very good results, in the Celtic sea in particular and the Western Channel, because they’re suited for letting the small fish out. Some fishermen tell us they don’t have any more waste in their catches.” -------------------------------- READ MORE : https://www.euronews.com/2019/01/11/sustainable-fishing-is-2020-target-as-stricter-regulations-improve-stocks produced and published by euronews
Administrator 2019-10-04