Shrimp Master Plan
Thai Marine Shrimp Farming Restoration Plan to increase production to 400,00 tons by 2023
Thai marine shrimp production has declined dramatically over the last ten years as a result of disease epidemics, rising production costs, and the COVID-19 pandemic. Mr. Chalermchai Sri-on, Minister of Agriculture and Cooperatives, has directed the Department of Fisheries (DoF) to prioritize the restoration of the marine shrimp farming industry. DoF organized a meeting in March 2022 to discuss approaches and directions for restoring marine shrimp production along the supply chain, with DoF executives, experts, and division heads from all marine farming-related provinces across the country brainstorming. On the basis of the "Thai Marine Shrimp Farming Restoration Plan (2022-2023)," the meeting also aimed to increase marine shrimp production to 400,000 tons by 2023, with a focus on disease control and an emphasis on a quality, safe, and environmentally friendly production process that meets international standards.
The plan includes eleven implementation approaches, with regular monthly updates on implementation progress. In each province's farming areas, the approaches focus on spatial management based on collaborative work among DoF agencies, relevant government agencies, and the private sector. The DoF established the working group to address marine shrimp farming issues at the area level in order to systematically and effectively solve problems, promote, and develop marine shrimp farming in each area. Furthermore, the DoF promotes knowledge sharing on marine shrimp farming management that is appropriate for each province, technology application, including the transfer of experiences and lessons learned from successful farmers, and encouraging farmers to restore abandoned marine shrimp ponds and seek water sources for marine shrimp farming. To manage marine shrimp farming data, the DoF has created an online system to track the restoration of marine shrimp production, compiled and analyzed marine shrimp farming data based on spatial factors, and promoted and managed the use of Pilot Aquaticulture Product Purchasing Documents (APD). The DoF has devised a plan to analyze and investigate the disease problem in order to systematically eliminate it. Biosafety systems are encouraged to be used throughout the production chain, from hatcheries and nurseries to farms. A white list hatchery, a mobile clinic, and disease education for officers and marine shrimp farmers have all been organized to help with this. The DoF has also prioritized the development of microorganisms and probiotics for marine shrimp farming, marine shrimp genetics improvement, cost reduction through the promotion of alternative energy sources, feed formula and feeding improvement, farmer aggregation support to enable trade negotiations and access to capital sources, marketing, and logistics advancement, and related law enforcement. The Shrimp Board was established by the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives to consider and oversee the price stability of marine shrimp.
With the advantages of experience and capacity of high-potential marine shrimp farmers, as well as the use of cutting-edge technology to produce shrimp products recognized and meeting global demand by processing entrepreneurs, exporters, processing plants, and cold storage entrepreneurs, Thailand will definitely restore its marine shrimp production in accordance with its goal.
Coastal Aquaculture Research and Development Division