Sharks are not economic species and are not the primary target species for fishing; therefore, no fishing gear in Thailand is used to catch sharks; on the contrary, sharks play an important role in maintaining the balance of the marine ecosystem. Recognizing this fact, the Department of Fisheries has created and implemented the National Plan of Action for Conservation and Management of Sharks, Thailand: NPOA-Sharks under the framework of the International Plan of Action for the Conservation and Management of Sharks, Thailand: IPOA-Sharks, with a five-year action plan (2020-2024) that includes the following objectives:
Objective 1: Conduct research and create a database on biology, ecosystems, fisheries, and shark exploitation in Thai waters.
Objective 2: Assess the status and threats posed by fishing operations, including the environment’s effect on sharks, in a systematic and consistent manner.
Objective 3: Develop knowledge and skills in shark-related management for those who are concerned,
Objective 4: Develop fisheries and shark trade control and conservation measures in accordance with international regulations, requirements, and obligations,
Objective 5: Develop and establish a network of stakeholders involved in shark resource management and conservation.
This will be the guideline for managing resources and conserving sharks with participation from all sectors involved, as well as seeking public sector cooperation by publicizing and raising public awareness of the significance of shark conservation.